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Science of M.K.Ammosov NEFU


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General Characteristic of University Scientific Activity 

“Science is the best way to make the human spirit heroic”

Giordano Bruno

"The science is not that other, as validity display".

Francis Bacon

NEFU conducts fundamental and applied research in priority directions of the Program for University development:

- Provision of environmental safety and technologically efficient reproduction of mineral resources, environmental management;

- Use of science-driven technology and manufacturing in the North;

- Improving of the quality of life in the North;

- Preservation and development of the culture of the peoples in the Arctic;

- Analytical and staff support of innovative social and economic development of the North-East of Russia.

List of basic structural divisions of M. K. Ammosov NEFU in 2012:


Structural Divisions of the University

Indicator

2011 

2012

2013

Branch

3

3

3

Institute

10

14

14

Faculty

8

10

10

Department

141

150

170

Educational-Scientific Laboratories

38

49

79

Scientific-Research Institutes

6

6

6

Number of workers with higher scientific qualification: 169 Doctors of Sciences (in 2011 - 176), 825 Candidates of Sciences (in 2011 - 817); the percent of people in academic staff with a qualification, in total at NEFU, is 71,5 % (in 2011 - 64,1 %). 

NEFU conducts fundamental and applied research in priority directions of the Program for University development:

- Provision of environmental safety and technologically efficient reproduction of mineral resources, environmental management;

- Use of science-driven technology and manufacturing in the North;

- Improving of the quality of life in the North;

- Preservation and development of the culture of the peoples in the Arctic;

- Analytical and staff support of innovative social and economic development of the North-East of Russia.


Number of Executed Scientific Research Works (SRW) (2011-2012)

SRW

Number of SRW from year to year

2011

2012

Total

international

16

27

43

federal

98

144

242

regional

132

131

263

In total from year to year

246

302

548


In 2012, 52 research works were carried out as a part of a state task of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia.By University branches in Neryungri - 3 SRW, in Mirny - 1 SRW; by scientific institutes: Scientific Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North - 5, Scientific Research Institute of Regional Economy of the North - 9, Scientific Research Institute of Mathematics - 3, Scientific Research Institute of Health - 11, by institutes and faculties - 20 SRW. By nature of research: fundamental - 15, applied - 34, experimental elaborations - 3.

12 scientific research works were carried out under the federal target program «Scientific and Research Educational Staff of Innovative Russia» for 2009-2013, from them:

- action item 1.1. “Carrying out scientific research by scientific educational centers”: IV turn - 1 project

- action item 1.2.2. Carrying out scientific research by scientific groups under the direction of Candidates of Sciences - 5

- action item 1.3.2. “Carrying out research work by target post-graduate students in Scientific Educational Centers” - 4

- action item 1.4. “Development of in-Russian mobility of scientific and research educational staff by performance of scientific research by young scientists and teachers in Scientific Educational Centers”. Turn: XVIII - 1

- action item 1.5. “Carrying out scientific research by collectives under the direction of invited researchers” - 1

Following works were finished in 2012:

State Contract № 02.740.11.0609 of 2010

Action item 1.1

Non-classical boundary value problems for equations of mathematical physics and their appendixes

State Contract № 14.740.11.0636 of 05.10.10

Action item 1.2.

Technology of long-term storage of seeds of rare and useful plants in natural cryobanking everfrozen soil

Action item 1.4.

Consolidation of scientific research by young scientists of Russia in order to solve problems of preservation and restoration of unique cryolithozone ecosystems






Work is continued on SRW «Elaboration and implementation of interaction models of establishments of higher professional and basic education on realization of basic educational programs of higher school focused on talent development in children and teenagers on the basis of large university’ center, located in Far East Federal District of Federal Target Program “Development of Education” for 2011-2015 (State Contract № 03Р20.11.0075 of October 19, 2011).

In 2012 there was a beginning of SRW «Program complex for decoding of spatial structure and molecular modelling of membrane fibers and peptides with the help of analysis and integration of experimental data received by means of the newest methods of electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis» under the scientific and technical program of the Russian Federation «Research and elaboration in priority directions of science and technologies development of the Russian Federation» (State Contract № 07.514.11.4127).

Work on two big projects, which were carried out by the Governmental Orders of the Russian Federation, is finished:

- By the Governmental Order of the Russian Federation N 218 of April 9, 2010 «About measures of the state support for cooperation development of the Russian higher educational institutions and organizations realizing complex projects on creation of hi-tech manufacture». The project under the contract with JSC «ALROSA» «Creation of complex innovative and ecologically safe technology of extraction and processing of diamantiferous ores in the Far North»;

- By the Governmental Order of the Russian Federation N 219 of April 9, 2010 «About the state support of innovative infrastructure development in federal educational institutions of higher vocational training». The project «Development of innovative infrastructure of NEFU «Arctic Innovative Center»».

Research works under grants of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) are executed; there is a new block of researches for 2012-2014 under RFBR-Far East program - 6 SRW.

Young employees of the University took active part in RFBR competition «My first grant» and won six grants:

- Numerical calculation of radiation and sound scattering by flat isolated whirlwind based on CABARET method;

- Research of passive diffusion in small molecules through lipid biolayers with difficult structure;

- Biogeochemical cycles in thermokarstic lake hollows;

- Geometrical properties of nonlinear differential and discrete equations;

- Structure restoration of cenopopulations of rare and useful plants in a recreational zone of the Northern cities (using an example of Yakutsk);

- Mathematical models of elastic plates and covers with unilateral restrictions.

Traditionally employees of the University participate in grants competitions and programs of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation (RHSF). In 2012 SRW «Narrative strategies in change of paradigms in XX century: Russian and Yakut literary traditions in aspect of mythological origin» was performed on a basic competition of RHSF as well as 2 subjects under a program of regional competition «The Russian power will grow with Siberia and Northern ocean».

24 applied research works are performed by the State Order of the Government of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) for 2011-2013.

Scientific research were carried out under grants of the President of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), academician V. P. Larionov, by economic contracts with OJSC Almazy Anabara, Moscow State University, Institute of Semiconductors SBRAS, Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy SB RAS, Public Institution Yakutskgeologiya, OJSC WEB Engineering, OJSC Geoinzhirstroy, administrations of cities and republic regions.

Scientific researches were financed by the foreign companies and organizations Joint German-Russian Laboratory for Studies of Environmental Dynamics in the Terrestrial Arctic (Biological Monitoring - BioM), DFG (Germany), The Fulbright Grant Program in Russia Institute of International Education. The following grants were used: by the British Council; Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, South Korea and APEC Educational Cooperation; German Academic Exchange Service; Embassy of France in the Russian Federation; Hankuk University of Foreign Studies; by Office of the Chinese Language under the jurisdiction of the Government of the PRC; on training at the Innsbruck University; on training at the Higher School for International and Regional Research of Foreign Languages (South Korea); grants on participation in the program of student mobility "North-to-North"; grant of the USA embassy in the Russian Federation for the organization of TESOL international conference in Yakutsk; grant of Kangvon province of the Yonsei University (South Korea); grant of International Visitor Program of the United States Department of State; grant of training at the Cambridge University; grants of Robert Bosch Foundation; Quota Program Scholarship; the University of Tromsø; the University of Saskatchewan (Canada).

571 (in 2011 - 281) educational research employees participated in performance of the financed SRW, it is 32 % (in 2011 - 18 %) of total number of educational research employees, 21 post-graduate students (12, 1 %) (in 2011 - 32 post-graduate students, 19,8 % of participation), and 160 (in 2011 - 145) students of a full-time course of study, 1,9 % (in 2011 - 1,04 %) of total number of students of a full-time course of study).


Number of workers, doctoral students and post-graduate students participating in performance of scientific research and elaborations in 2012

Indicator

Number of workers, doctoral students,

 and post-graduate students  

People among them participated in performance of scientific research and elaborationsfor a fee

Heads of Higher Education Institution (organization)

12

3

Workers of Higher Education Institution’s divisions, realizing functions of higher and additional vocational trainingin total, including:

4007

357

heads of structural divisions

395

5

academic staff

1391

196

administrative, auxiliary educational, and other service staff

2221

156

Workers in the field of scientific research and elaborations in total, including:

393

211

heads of scientific divisions

75

4

heads of other structural divisions

6

0

academic researchers

127

127

scientific and technical workers (experts)

24

24

workers in the field of scientific service

161

56

Workers of other professional qualification groups of jobs

92

0

Workers of other organizations

182

Doctoral students

10

0

Post-graduate students of a full-time course of study

174

21


   

In 2012 the total amount of financing was 417591,3 thousand rubles (In 2011 - 321300,5 thousand). Financing sources: the budget of the Russian Federation - 30,4 %, the budget of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) - 4,6 %, international grants - 2,2 %, economic contracts - 2,5 %, Scientific Research Institutes - 38,5 %, own means - 21,8 %.

Years

Amount of SRW financing, thousand rub.

Amount of financing per 1 SRW, thousand rub.

2010 г.

158524,8

127,2

2011 г.

321300,5

210,4

2012 г.

417591,3

427,2


Sources and amount of SRW financing in 2012

Source of financing

Amount of SRW financing(thousand rub.)

1.

Budgeting funds of the Russian Federation

61975,5

1.1.

Means of Ministry of Science and Education of the Russian Federation, of which:

56151,4

1.1.1.

- state order

33666,4

1.1.2.

- federal target programs

22485

1.2.

Resources of funds, of which: 

5824,1

1.2.1.

- grants of RFBR

5104,1

1.2.2.

- grants of RHSF

530

2.

Budgeting funds of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), of which:

19155,2

2.1.

- state order by the Government of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

12796

2.2.

- co-funding of RFBR

1070

2.3.

- co-funding of RHSF

130

2.4.

- Grants for young scientists and students

5159,2

3.

JSC "ALROSA"

65000

4.

Institutes, of which:

160966,7

4.1.

- Institute of Regional Economy

48028

4.2.

- Scientific Research Institute of Health

43321,2

4.3.

- Institute of Applied Ecology of the North

54113,3

4.4.

- Scientific Research Institute of Mathematics

15504,2

5.

Own means

91113,6

5.

Foreign grants

9392,5

6.

Means of economic contracts

9987,8

IN TOTAL

417591,3


BASIC RESULTS OF RESEARCH IN PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGIES AND ENGINEERING IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

SECURITY AND COUNTER-TERRORISM

A. A. Grigoryeva, M. I. Baisheva, A. A. Sergin, Teacher Training Institute - Institute of Sports and Physical Education

A concept of educational maintenance and a model of bodily security of preschool child and preschool educational institutions in the conditions of mental terrorism have been developed. The concept is ready to introduction.

INDUSTRY OF NANOSYSTEMS

A. A. Okhlopkova, N. N. Petrova, S. A. Sleptsova, T. S. Struchkova,Ho Cho Jin, V. V. Portnyagina, A. L. Fedorov, N. V. Shadrinov, Institute of Natural Sciences  

New polymeric composite nanomaterials of antifrictional and tribotechnical appointments have been developed for operation in the Northern regions of the Russian Federation. They are protected by the patent of the Russian Federation № 2454439 «Polymeric Material of Tribotechnical Appointment» / A. A. Okhlopkova, S. A. Sleptsova, T. S. Struchkova; by the patent of the Russian Federation № 2460742 «Antifrictional Polymeric Composition» / S. A. Sleptsova, A. A. Okhlopkova, E. S. Afanasyeva, T. S. Struchkova.

A. A. Khristoforova, M. D. Sokolova, A. V. Lebedev, M. L. Davydova, N. M. Makarov, L. Y. Morova, Faculty of Road Construction - Oil and Gas Institute, SB RAS  

Nanomodified asphalt mix has been developed. It contains rubble, rubble elimination, sand, oil bitumen modified by rubber crumb, which has passed preliminary mechanical activation together with nanospinel of magnesium. Application of rubber crumb together with magnesium spinel leads to improvement of following physicomechanical characteristics of asphalt. The mix is protected by the patent of the Russian Federation № 2466161 «Nanomodified Asphalt Mix».  

INFORMATION AND TELECOMUNICATION SYSTEMS

A. N. Savvinova, V. V. Filippova, A. S. Fedorova, G. Е. Dyachkovsky, Institute of Natural Sciences  

The system of space and geoinformation monitoring has been developed and is experimentally investigated for results visualization of geoecological researches of the Northern ecosystems, which can be used at performance of program realization of space monitoring system and its application.  

M. V. Vasilyeva, Institute of Mathematics and Information Sciences  

Parallel computing algorithms have been developed for problems of multiphase filtration, used in modelling and monitoring of deposits elaboration of hydrocarbonic materials.  

LIFE SCIENCES

Y. A. Akhremenko, A. K. Akhremenko, E. P. Krasnozhenov, L. A. Degtyareva, M. N. Petrova, G. A. Palshin, Institute of Medicine  

The way of preparation of acidophile product with immune complex, containing complex of three lactobacterium strains and immune complex from velvet antlersof reindeer has been offered.  

M. N. Petrova, Y. A. Akhremenko, G. A. Palshin, Institute of Medicine  

The way of probiotic preparation with hypocholesteremic effect, containing complex of lactobacteriumand phytosterols from coniferous plants of Yakutia (pine, Siberianshrubby tree, fir,larch) and brierhas been offered.  

T. M. Klimova, V. I. Fedorova, A. I. Fedorov, M. E. Baltakhinova, D. Snodgrass, W. Leonard, L. A. Tarskaya, М. Sorensen, Scientific Research Institute of Health - Laboratory of Biological Anthropology of The University of Kansas (Prof. W.Leonard, ass. Prof. L.Tarskaya, the USA); Laboratory of Evolutionary Biology of the University of Oregon in the USA (Prof. D.Snodgrass, the USA); the Director of postgraduate anthropology study of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Associate Professor M.Sorensen, the USA) 

Modern parameters of metabolic processes in indigenous population of Yakutia have been definedfor the further elaboration of regional specifications of metabolic and constitutionalparametersin indigenous population of Yakutia, monitoring of metabolic indicators, definition of the further scientific search direction.  

L. F. Timofeev, A. L. Lindenbraten, V. G. Krivoshapkin, N.K.Grishina, A. I. Rumyantseva, Scientific Research Institute of Health  

The technique of economic damage studying from disease with temporary disability (TD) and invalidity in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) has been offered. The technique is presented in the manual “Studying of an Economic Damage from Disease, Invalidity and Premature Mortality in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)”.

N. V. Zaitseva, Technical Institute in Neryungri  

The wayfor increase germinating ability of seeds, strengthening of root system development in plants, sizes of sprouts, rot proofing has been developed, which is intended to be used in agriculture, plant growing, vegetable growing, fruit growing, amenity planting, and forestry. It is protected by the patent of the Russian Federation № 2466523 «Way of Preseeding Treatment of Seeds».  

S. E. Grigoryev, M. Y. Cheprasov, A. N. Tikhonov, etc., Scientific Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North  

Great volume of paleontologic material from territories of Tomponsky, Amginsky, Abyisky, Verkhoyansky and Ust-Yansky regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) has been collected and described. Studying of fossil soils has been continued, samples for the palynological analysis have been taken. The collected material on mammoth fauna of the Northern and Central Yakutia has no analogues in the world in many respects and represents a huge scientific value, and the received results of researchrepresenta considerable scientific importance. In particular, for the first time in the history of paleontology remains of a fox with soft tissues and a full mummy of collared lemming have been found.  

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

L. A. Pestryakova, P. A. Gogoleva, M. M. Cherosov, R. M. Gorodnichev, Institute of Natural Sciences

For the first time in territory of the Northeast of the Russian Federation, the detailed analysis of major groups of microbiota (testate amoebas, diatomic algae, cladocerans and chironomids) in lakes has been carried out. For the first time diatomic complexes met in a peat bog of the Anabar’s basin have been received. The formation age of the peatbog of 27 cm has been defined (1460 years ago). The preliminary list of taxonsin diatoms, common to peatbogs only has been revealed. The list of potential taxons of macro- and microbiota in the key sectors of polygonal tundra has been made.  

Y. M. Grigorev, V. P. Mironov, P. A. Slobodchikov, P. P. Tarasov, V. N. Tikhonov, Institute of Physics and Technologies - Irkutsk branch of Institute of Semiconductors SB RAS

The laboratory model of the device for a desintegration and preliminary enrichment of kimberlites has been created.

- The patent of the Russian Federation № 114877 on the useful model «Device for Kimberlite Decomposition»//authors V. P. Mironov, Y. M. Grigorev has been received

- The positive decision on grant of the patent of the Russian Federation has been received on the useful model of 9/29/2012 under the demand №2012130874/13 (048520 of 7/20/2012 «Desintegration of Nonhomogeneous Material»//authors V. P. Mironov, Y. M. Grigorev /

Y. M. Grigoryev, B. V. Yakovlev, V. I. Sivtsev, L.V.Savitskiy, Institute of Physics and Technologies - YAKUTNIPROALMAZ  

Recommendations about operations use of stage breaking on Enriching Factory № 3 of Mirny Mining and Processing Planthave been developed. The technological scheme with use of a scrubber-butary is offered. By results of thermodynamic calculations, concrete measures have been offered for risk reduction of green ore freezing of various sizes to metal capacities’ walls and congealing of pieces with each other.  

G. V. Shubin, A. N. Petrov, B. N. Zarovnyaev, A.D. Androsov [etc.], Faculty of Mining  

A useful model «Open Pit Side» concerning mining industry has been developed. The model can be used at opencast mining of mineral deposits, preferably in deep horizons of kimberlite tubes in conditions of the Northern cryolithozone. The patent of the Russian Federation №114340 on the useful model has been received.  

B. N. Zarovnyaev, S. L. Babaskin, I. N. Gogolev, А. Zhuravlev, A. S. Kurilko, M. D.Sokolova, Faculty of Mining - YAKUTNIPROALMAZ - Institute of Mining Affairs UBRAS - Institute of Mining Affairs of the North SB RAS - Oil and Gas Institute SB RAS.  

The technology of mountain works conducting at completion of deep kimberlite open-cast mines with stage-by-stage stocks acquisition and application of near-vertical cross-over with a road covering with addition of a rubber crumb at ore and breed transportation by articulated dumptrucks has been developed. The patent of the Russian Federation №122357 on the useful model «Crawler Dumptruck for Transportation of Rock Masses» has been received.  

N. D. Danilov, N. P. Semenova, Institute of Engineering and Technology

The way of erection ofsemi buried and surficial basements inpermafrost conditionshas been offered. It is protected by the patent on the invention of the Russian Federation №2465407.  

N. D. Danilov, A. A. Sobakin, A. A. Semenov, P. A. Fedotov, Institute of Engineering and Technology  

The node point of a wall of monolithic socle overlapping over cold and aired undergrounds has been developed. It is protected by the patent of the Russian Federation №117943 on the useful model.  

N. D. Danilov, A. A. Sobakin, A. A. Semenov, Institute of Engineering and Technology

The front modular hinged panel with facing from the sheet materials has been developed, protected by the patent of the Russian Federation № 117949 on the useful model.  

A. P. Isaev, A.N.Nikolaev, K.K.Krivoshapkin, V. E. Kardashevskaya, N. I. Borisov, N.N.Egorova, O. M. Germogenova, Institute of Natural Sciences  

Ways for accelerated restoration of a natural vegetative cover in order to restore wood territories in cryolithozone after fires have been developed.  

N. N. Grib, A.V.Litvinenko, Y. A. Shipitsyn, Neryungry Technical Institute (branch) of NEFU

Technical and technological recommendations on creation of a gas generator of underground coalgasification in the Northeast part of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) have been developed. The technology is approved by physical modelling of processes of underground coal gasification.

ENERGY EFFICIENCY, ENERGY SAVING, NUCLEAR POWER

N. M. Kuznetsov, Y. V. Bebikhov, A. V. Samsonov, A.S. Semenov, A.N.Egorov, Mirny Polytechnic Institute (branch) of NEFU - Urban District of Mirny  

The monitoring system of quality indicatorsof electric energy for energy consumption reduction and energy efficiency upgrading in an electric equipment has been developed and introduced at Mining and Processing Plant in Mirny.

The syllabus «Quality Assurance of Electric Energy» has been developed for professional skill improvement of experts at Mining and Processing Plant in Mirny.

A. E. Mestnikov, A. G. Kardashevsky, T. A. Kornilov, Institute of Engineering and Technology  

The erection technology of power effective wall constructions with use of modified foam concrete has been developed.

An advantage of the offered technology is a maintenance of high heat-shielding properties in a monolithic wall with a preservation of sufficient durability and reliability of layers, and a technological simplicity of manufacturing.

The patent of the Russian Federation № 119769 on the useful model «Multilayered Monolithic Wall» has been received.


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